Thyroid Disease Management

Understanding Hypothyroidism and Its Management in Oklahoma

Hypothyroidism is a condition where the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormones, leading to various symptoms such as fatigue, weight gain, and cold sensitivity. At Optimum Primary Care, we offer comprehensive thyroid disease management in Oklahoma, which includes:

  1. Accurate Diagnosis: Thorough evaluation, including blood tests, to confirm hypothyroidism and determine its underlying cause. 
  2. Personalized Treatment Plans: Tailored treatment based on the severity of hypothyroidism and individual needs. 
  3. Hormone Replacement Therapy: Prescribing thyroid hormone medication to replace the deficient hormones. 
  4. Regular Monitoring: Ongoing follow-ups and blood tests to assess hormone levels and treatment effectiveness. 
  5. Lifestyle Recommendations: Guiding lifestyle changes that may improve symptoms and overall well-being. 
  6. Addressing Complications: If present, manage associated conditions, such as high cholesterol or heart problems. 

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism: Hypothyroidism can cause symptoms such as fatigue, weight gain, cold sensitivity, dry skin, and sluggishness.

Diagnosis and Treatment: Our healthcare providers diagnose hypothyroidism through blood tests and create personalized treatment plans, which often include synthetic thyroid hormone replacement.

Hyperthyroidism and Its Challenges

Hyperthyroidism is a condition where the thyroid gland produces excessive thyroid hormones, leading to an overactive metabolism. The challenges associated with hyperthyroidism include:

  1. Physical Symptoms: Hyperthyroidism can cause symptoms like rapid heartbeat, weight loss, tremors, and heat intolerance, impacting daily life. 
  2. Emotional Distress: The condition may lead to anxiety, irritability, and mood swings, affecting mental well-being. 
  3. Thyroid Eye Disease: Some individuals with hyperthyroidism may develop thyroid eye disease, causing eye discomfort and vision changes. 
  4. Risk of Osteoporosis: Excess thyroid hormones can affect bone health, increasing the risk of osteoporosis. 
  5. Thyroid Storm (Rare): In severe cases, untreated hyperthyroidism can lead to a life-threatening thyroid storm, requiring immediate medical attention. 

Managing hyperthyroidism involves various approaches, including:

  • Medication: Antithyroid medications to reduce hormone production.
  • Radioactive Iodine: A procedure to destroy overactive thyroid cells.
  • Beta-Blockers: Medications to alleviate symptoms like rapid heartbeat and tremors.
  • Thyroid Surgery: Surgical removal of part or all of the thyroid gland in some cases.

Primary and Subclinical Hypothyroidism

Primary Hypothyroidism:

Primary hypothyroidism is the most common type and occurs when the thyroid gland fails to produce sufficient thyroid-stimulating hormones. The causes may include autoimmune thyroiditis (Hashimoto’s disease), thyroidectomy, or iodine deficiency. Symptoms often include fatigue, weight gain, cold intolerance, and dry skin. Treatment involves thyroid hormone replacement therapy.

Subclinical Hypothyroidism:

Subclinical hypothyroidism is milder with slightly elevated TSH levels and normal thyroid hormone levels. It may have no noticeable symptoms or only mild ones. While treatment may not be necessary for everyone, monitoring subclinical hypothyroidism closely is essential, as it may progress to overt hypothyroidism over time.

Management of Thyroid Dysfunction

Thyroid dysfunction, whether hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, can significantly impact overall health. At Optimum Primary Care, our experienced healthcare providers offer comprehensive management for thyroid disorders. Our approach includes:

  1. Thorough Evaluation: Accurate diagnosis through blood tests and thyroid function assessments. 
  2. Personalized Treatment Plans: Tailored treatment based on the specific thyroid condition and individual needs. 
  3. Medication Management: Prescribing and monitoring thyroid medications for optimal hormone levels. 
  4. Lifestyle Recommendations: Guiding patients on lifestyle changes that support thyroid health. 
  5. Regular Monitoring: Ongoing follow-ups to assess progress and adjust treatment as needed. 
  6. Referral to Specialists: Collaborating with endocrinologists for complex cases. 

We are committed to helping patients achieve hormonal balance, manage symptoms, and improve their overall well-being. If you suspect thyroid dysfunction or have a known condition, don’t hesitate to seek our expert care. We offer the best thyroid disease management for your own well-being.

Symptoms of Thyroid Disease

Thyroid disease encompasses both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, each with its own set of symptoms. Common symptoms include:

Hypothyroidism (Underactive Thyroid):

  1. Fatigue and weakness
  2. Weight gain
  3. Cold sensitivity
  4. Dry skin and hair
  5. Constipation
  6. Muscle aches and stiffness
  7. Mood changes, including depression
  8. Memory problems
  9. Menstrual irregularities in women

Hyperthyroidism (Overactive Thyroid):

  1. Rapid heartbeat (palpitations)
  2. Unintended weight loss
  3. Tremors in hands
  4. Heat intolerance
  5. Nervousness and irritability
  6. Frequent bowel movements
  7. Muscle weakness
  8. Sleep disturbances
  9. Thyroid enlargement (goiter)

Thyroid Eye Disease (Graves’ Ophthalmopathy):

Thyroid eye disease may cause eye symptoms, such as:

  • Bulging eyes (proptosis)
  • Eye redness and irritation
  • Double vision (diplopia)
  • Sensitivity to light (photophobia)
  • Swelling and inflammation around the eyes

Thyroid Nodule Evaluation and Management

Thyroid nodules are small lumps that can form within the thyroid gland. Our healthcare providers evaluate nodules through physical examination, imaging studies, and, if needed, a single-needle aspiration biopsy.

Thyroid Disease Monitoring and Follow-up Care

Regular monitoring of thyroid function is crucial for individuals with thyroid disease. Our team ensures appropriate follow-up care to assess the effectiveness of treatments and adjust medications as needed.

Types of Thyroid Cancers

Thyroid cancer is a relatively rare but important condition to be aware of. The main types of thyroid cancer include:

  1. Papillary Thyroid Cancer (PTC): The most common type, accounting for about 80% of cases. PTC tends to grow slowly and has a favorable prognosis. 
  2. Follicular Thyroid Cancer (FTC): Accounting for around 10-15% of cases, FTC usually has a good prognosis, especially if detected early. 
  3. Medullary Thyroid Cancer (MTC): Making up about 4% of thyroid cancer cases, MTC arises from the thyroid’s C cells and may be associated with genetic factors. 
  4. Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer (ATC): A rare but aggressive form, ATC is fast-growing and often difficult to treat. 
  5. Thyroid Lymphoma: A rare form of thyroid cancer originating from the thyroid’s lymph nodes. 

Comprehensive Thyroid Health Education

At Optimum Primary Care, we believe in empowering our patients with knowledge about thyroid health, helping them make informed decisions about their treatment and lifestyle choices.

Collaborative Approach to Thyroid Care

Our healthcare providers work collaboratively with each patient to understand their unique needs, concerns, and treatment preferences, tailoring thyroid disease management accordingly.

Thyroid Disease and Reproductive Health

Thyroid disease can impact reproductive health, particularly during pregnancy. We offer specialized care for pregnant women with thyroid disorders to ensure optimal maternal and fetal well-being.


Numerous factors, such as autoimmune disorders, genetic predisposition, specific medications, and iodine deficiency, can contribute to thyroid diseases.

While some thyroid conditions can be managed effectively with treatment, others may require ongoing management to maintain thyroid hormone balance.

Thyroid function is monitored through blood tests that measure thyroid hormone levels, including TSH, T3, and T4.

Our Services

Thyroid Disease Management

Thyroid Disease Management

The thyroid gland in the neck plays a crucial role in regulating metabolism and various bodily functions. Thyroid diseases, such as hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) and hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid), can disrupt hormone balance and lead to a range of health issues. Optimum Primary Care offers comprehensive thyroid diagnosis and management to support in Oklahoma our patients in maintaining optimal thyroid function and overall well-being.

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Michelle P
Michelle P
Since I moved from NYC, I've had a difficult time finding a good doctor in OKC. Dr. Chaudry and her staff have been so patient, trustworthy and knowledgeable to help me with all of my needs! They take the time to care for you. I'm so grateful I found their office.
Travis Morgan
Travis Morgan
My wife and I recently relocated to Edmond and couldn’t be happier with our new family physician Dr. Chaudry. It’s rare to find a family physician that is so patient, kind, and professional. We got lucky! Thank you Dr. Chaudry and everyone at Optimum Primary Care!
Sally Morgan
Sally Morgan
I took a family of seven here and was so pleased with the care they received. The staff was amazing! So nice and caring and very helpful with referrals, prescriptions etc. Dr Chaudry was patient and caring and extremely knowledgeable. I highly recommend this practice to everyone!
John Danny
John Danny
Sarah is super helpful and the Dr. is awesome. Worth the visit!
gabby Gamez
gabby Gamez
I felt very welcomed and the kind woman at the front desk offered free coffee and lots of information. Waiting area was clean and comfortable. Will definitely be coming back!
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