Urinalysis in Oklahoma

What is a Urine Analysis?

Urinalysis is a simple yet powerful diagnostic test that examines the composition of your urine. It involves analyzing various components present in your urine, such as the ph level, urine color, protein in the urine, and more, to gain valuable insights into your overall health. By evaluating the chemical and physical properties found in the urine, healthcare professionals can detect a wide range of medical conditions and assess the function of your kidneys and urinary tract.

The Types of Urine Analysis: 

There are several types of urine analysis that healthcare providers may use to gain a comprehensive understanding of your health status. Let’s explore the different types of urine analysis and their significance:

  1. Visual Examination: The visual examination of urine involves observing the color, clarity, and odor of the urine. Abnormal color or cloudiness might indicate potential health issues, such as dehydration, infection, or the presence of blood.
  2. Chemical Analysis: Chemical analysis measures the levels of various substances in the urine, including glucose, protein, ketones, and pH levels. Elevated glucose levels might suggest diabetes, while protein in the urine could be an indication of kidney problems.
  3. Microscopic Examination: During a microscopic examination, a small sample of urine is analyzed under a microscope to identify the presence of red and white blood cells, bacteria, crystals, and other substances. This can help detect urinary tract infections, kidney stones, and other abnormalities.
  4. Urinary Sediment Examination: This analysis focuses on the sediment or solid particles in the urine. It helps identify substances that may not be visible to the naked eye but could indicate underlying health issues.
  5. 24-Hour Urine Collection: In some cases, a healthcare provider may request a 24-hour urine collection. This involves collecting all urine produced over 24 hours for comprehensive analysis. It provides a more detailed picture of kidney function and other aspects of urinary health.
  6. Urine Culture: A urine culture identifies and diagnoses urinary tract infections. It involves incubating a urine sample in a laboratory to detect the presence of bacteria and determine the most effective antibiotic treatment.
  7. Pregnancy Test in Urine: Urinalysis can also include a pregnancy test, which detects the hormone hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) in urine to confirm pregnancy.
  8. Urine-Specific Gravity Test: The urine-specific gravity test assesses the density of all chemical particles within your urine, offering insights into its concentration levels.

Purposes of a Urine Analysis

This analysis serves multiple essential purposes in healthcare. Some of the key objectives include:

  • Screening for Medical Conditions: Urine analysis helps in detecting various health issues such as kidney diseases, urinary tract infections (UTIs), diabetes, liver problems, and more, even before symptoms manifest.
  • Monitoring Chronic Conditions: For individuals with chronic conditions like diabetes or kidney disease, regular urine analysis provides valuable information on disease progression and treatment effectiveness.
  • Assessing Kidney Function: It helps evaluate the kidneys’ filtering capacity, identifying any abnormalities that may indicate kidney dysfunction.
  • Pre-employment and Sports Screening: It is commonly used for pre-employment and sports screening to ensure the individual’s overall health and detect substance abuse.

Procedure – How the test is performed:

Our skilled healthcare professionals will guide you through a hassle-free process in Oklahoma:

  • Sample Collection: You will be provided with a sterile container to collect a midstream urine sample.
  • Examination: The collected sample will be examined for color, clarity, and odor to identify any visible abnormalities.
  • Dipstick Test: A dipstick, a thin plastic strip with chemical pads, will be dipped into the urine sample to detect the presence of substances like glucose, protein, blood, nitrites, and more.
  • Microscopic Analysis: In some cases, a small portion of the urine may be examined under a microscope to identify the presence of abnormal cells, crystals, or bacteria.

How do I prepare for a urinalysis?

To ensure accurate results, it’s essential to follow these preparation steps:

  • Hydration: Drink an adequate amount of water before the test, as it helps in obtaining a sufficient urine sample.
  • Avoid Certain Foods and Medications: Some foods and medications may interfere with the test results. Our healthcare provider will provide you with a list of substances to avoid before the test.
  • Inform Your Healthcare Provider: Inform your healthcare provider about any medications, supplements, or herbal remedies you are currently taking.

What You Can Expect

A urinalysis is a non-invasive and painless procedure that typically takes only a few minutes to complete. After providing the urine sample, you can resume your daily activities without any restrictions. Our experienced team will ensure a comfortable and confidential testing environment.

The basis of urinalysis test results:

The results of your analysis are based on several factors, including:

  • Chemical Constituents: Levels of various substances like glucose, protein, ketones, pH, and others are analyzed.
  • Microscopic Findings: The presence of abnormal cells, bacteria, crystals, or casts may indicate specific medical conditions.

Comparison to Reference Ranges: Results are compared to established reference ranges to identify any deviations from normal values.


A urine analysis test can show various aspects of your health, including kidney function, signs of infection, the presence of blood or abnormal substances, and indicators of metabolic disorders.

A normal reading typically shows clear, pale-yellow urine without the presence of protein, glucose, blood, or other abnormal constituents.

A positive analysis indicates the presence of abnormal substances or characteristics in the urine, such as blood, protein, glucose, bacteria, or crystals, which may indicate an underlying health issue that requires further investigation.

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